Piles - What exactly are they?

By : Godoctr Team    Posted : 17-12-2016    1576    4    Like
Piles - What exactly are they?

With their bad reputation among individuals, piles (pathological haemorrhoids) haunt more than 10 million people in India every year. Though they are not mostly detrimental, their existence is not a pleasant experience.
 
Haemorrhoids, in their normal state are cushions of tissues in the anal canal for stool control. However, it is when they get inflamed that your worries begin. The inflamed haemorrhoids are in turn called piles or pathological haemorrhoids.
 
How to identify piles?
 
  • Bleeding during a bowel movement
  • A feeling that your bowels haven't emptied completely even after having a proper movement.
  • A hard lump around your anus which can be painful (especially while sitting)
  • Discharge of mucus or leaking faeces while emptying the bowels
  • soreness and itchiness around your anus
  • pain or discomfort while defecating
Types of Piles
 
Pathological haemorrhoids (piles) are mainly classified into two categories:
 
1. Internal
 
They are much more common than external haemorrhoids. They are above the line called the dentate line in the anus. Usually painless, these haemorrhoids may be recognised only because of bleeding.
 
2. External
 
They occur outside the edge of anus and certainly are often painful. Though the pain can grow intense if the blood clot forms inside haemorrhoid (thrombosed external haemorrhoid) which needs quick medical attention.
 
What causes piles?
 
Though the most prominent reason for piles is chronic constipation or diarrhoea, some other causes can be listed as - heredity, sitting in the same posture for long hours, regular heavy weight lifting, pregnancy, obesity, persistent coughing or sneezing.
 
What all of these symptoms have in common is that they cause straining in the blood vessels which in turn swell or bulge out.
 
Getting rid of piles
 
The main reason for piles as stated above is chronic constipation or diarrhoea. Thus, it is advisable to treat them first.
 
Following measures can be taken:
 
  • Eat plenty of fibres
  • Drink loads of water (at least 8 glasses per day)
  • Avoid painkillers that contain codeine (common causes of constipation)
  • Go to the toilet as soon as you feel the need
  • Avoid reading your newspaper in the toilet ( it is advised to not sit on the toilet seat for long, as you are anyway pressurising your blood vessels for no reason)
  • Use ointments or creams to soothe the soreness and itchiness (coconut oil works well too). Though they don't cure piles but at least help you endure through the time better
  • There are other therapies and surgery options available which may be advised by the doctor you consult




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